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Bullring and Museum
Equestrian Gallery, a new space to visit at the Real Maestranza de Caballería
The Real Maestranza de Caballería of Ronda features a new area dedicated to the Spanish horse and dressage, an area that rounds off a visit to the Riding School of the Real Maestranza de Caballería of Ronda and offers a historical journey through the world of cavalry.

This space contains five informative panels that present the origins of the Spanish thoroughbred horse and the practice of dressage, which has its roots in ancient Greece, as described by Xenophon.

Also, the gallery contains a sculpture cast of the 'Iberian Rider', a piece that forms part of a series of Iberian Sculptures from Porcuna, on display at the Museum of Jaén. This sculpture depicts a noble warrior who rides into mounted combat, from a higher rank than other riders. Upon reaching the battle field he dismounts and fights on foot, because at that time the horse was an element of prestige rather than forming part of tactical combat. During that era there was no cavalry as such, but rather individual riders who belonged to the military aristocracy.

The evolution of horse training

The knightly warrior practices of the Middle Ages gave way to new concepts of training and equestrian education of noble youth, which was not used exclusively to prepare them for war or hunting. During the Renaissance many equestrian treaties were signed and riding schools were created across Europe. In Spain, the first riding schools were the brotherhoods of knights created by Felipe II. The Real Maestranza de Caballería of Ronda was established in 1573.

The Riding School Arena

It was also during the Renaissance that enclosures and riding arenas were constructed, where exercises could be practiced and classical high school dressage emerged. The Spanish horse played a central role in this due to the reliability of their character.

For this reason the Equestrian Gallery forms an integral part of in the expansion of the Riding School Arena of the Real Maestranza de Caballería. It has been designed as an open space, so visitors have the chance to enjoy live exercises that the riding students perform daily.

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